小儿先天性耳廓形态畸形无创矫正疗效分析
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首都医科大学附属北京同仁医院耳鼻咽喉头颈外科

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Analysis of nonsurgical treatment of congenital auricle deformities in infant
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Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University

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    目的:分析应用耳模矫治器无创矫正小儿先天性耳廓形态畸形的疗效,为提高矫正效果提供指导。 方法:选取2021年1月至2021年6月收治的65例(95耳)先天性耳廓形态畸形患儿为研究对象,根据年龄分为3组,≤7天为A组(n=31),8-42天为B组(n=50),>42天为C组(n=14),使用EarWell耳模矫治器治疗,记录3组患儿矫正时间、矫正效果及并发症。结果:矫正时间A组低于B组,B组低于C组,差异有统计学意义;显效及治愈率A组优于B组,B组优于C组,差异有统计学意义;并发症发病率各组间无统计学意义,并发症主要为湿疹。结论:耳模矫治器无创矫正小儿先天性耳廓形态畸形疗效显著,年龄越小,显效及治愈率越高,矫治时间越短。

    Abstract:

    Objective: To analyze the nonsurgical treatment effect of ear moding device on congenital auricle deformities in infant, and to provide guidance for improvment. Methods: A total of 65 infant (95 ears) with congenital auricle malformation admitted from January 2021 to June 2021 were selected as the research subjects. They were divided into 3 groups according to the initial age of correction: group A (≤7 days) (n=31), group B (8-42 days) (n=50), and group (C >42 days) (n=14). The correction time, correction effect and complications of 3 groups were recorded. Results: The correction time of group A was lower than that of group B, and group B was lower than that of group C, and the difference was statistically significant. The cure rate of group A was better than group B, and group B was better than group C, the difference was statistically significant. There was no statistical significance in the incidence of complications among the groups, and the main complication was eczema. Conclusion:The nonsurgical treatment by ear moding device is effective on congenital auricular deformation, and the earlier the child receives the treatment, the better the effect, the shorter the correction time.

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  • 收稿日期:2022-06-06
  • 最后修改日期:2022-06-13
  • 录用日期:2022-06-22
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