喉部癌肉瘤及肉瘤样癌6例临床分析
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中南大学湘雅医院耳鼻喉头颈外科湖南长沙

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2022年中南大学研究生自主探索创新项目;2022ZZTS0907


Clinical analysis of 6 cases of laryngeal carcinosarcoma and sarcomatoid carcinoma
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Department of Otolaryngology head and Neck Surgery,Xiangya Hospital,Central South University

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    目的:分析喉部癌肉瘤及肉瘤样癌的临床特征及病理学特点,避免漏诊误诊,以提高该病的诊断、治疗及预后判断的水平。 方法:通过回顾性研究方法,总结我院2012年7月~2016年1月收治的6例喉部癌肉瘤及肉瘤样癌患者的临床病理资料、诊疗过程和随访结果,并复习相关文献。 结果:6例患者首次治疗全部为手术治疗,术后常规病理检查结合免疫组化均确诊为喉部癌肉瘤或肉瘤样癌,其中1例行术后放疗。随诊期间,6例患者中有4例复发,均再次手术。共随访67-87个月,其中目前存活4例、失访1例、死亡1例。 结论:喉部癌肉瘤或肉瘤样癌多以声嘶为首发症状,形态不一、早期表面光滑、易误诊为声带息肉;完全确诊需常规病理检查结合免疫组化;治疗以手术切除为主、建议扩大切除,可辅以术后放疗;术后相对容易复发、预后总体良好。

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    Abstract: Objectives:To analyze the clinical and pathological features of laryngeal carcinosarcoma and sarcomatoid carcinoma, and avoid missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis, so as to improve the level of diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of this disease. Methods:The clinicopathological data, diagnosis and treatment process, and follow-up results of 6 cases of laryngeal carcinosarcoma and sarcomatoid carcinoma admitted to our hospital from July 2012 to January 2016 were analyzed retrospectively, and relevant literatures were reviewed. Results:All of the 6 patients were treated with surgery for the first time, and all of them were diagnosed with laryngeal carcinosarcoma or sarcomatoid carcinoma by routine postoperative pathological examination combined with immunohistochemistry, among which 1 underwent postoperative radiotherapy. During follow-up, 4 of the 6 patients relapsed and were operated on again. During the follow-up period of 67-87 months, 4 patients survived, 1 patient was lost to follow-up and 1 patient died. Conclusions:Hoarseness is usually the first symptom of Laryngeal carcinosarcoma or sarcomatoid carcinoma. The morphology is different, and the early surface is smooth, so it’s easy to misdiagnose as vocal cord polyp. Conforming the diagnosis requires routine pathological examination combined with immunohistochemistry. Surgical resection is the main treatment, and extended resection is recommended, supplemented by postoperative radiotherapy. It is relatively easy to relapse after operation and the prognosis is generally good.

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  • 收稿日期:2022-04-08
  • 最后修改日期:2022-06-15
  • 录用日期:2022-06-17
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